In recent years, we are witness to the development of new directions of research in the humanities in general and Jewish studies in particular. We live in a dynamic new era which began with the invention of the computer in the first half of the twentieth century and continued with the invention of the Internet, an innovation which far surpassed the revolution of printing. A new academic field, interdisciplinary in nature, began with the early days of computing but developed mainly since the last decade of the twentieth century with the advent of the WWW. This new field, which has expanded in recent years throughout the world and in Israel, was initially designated as “Humanities Computing” and then – “Digital Humanities”. This name refers to computer applications that are used in research or teaching in specific areas of the humanities. The essay “A Companion to Digital Humanities”, published in 2004, coined the term Digital Humanities which has since then become part of academic vocabulary. The goal of “digital humanities” is defined there as follows:
“Using information technology to illuminate the human record, and bringing an understanding of the human record to bear on the development and use of information technology.”
The discipline of digital humanities is becoming increasingly popular and is in the center of academic activity. There are now hundreds of scientific research centers of digital humanities worldwide, the field is taught at universities around the world, conferences are held dealing with this field and scientific journals are dedicated to it.